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Raila Odinga | "Dadwaynaha Xeebtu Ha Iska Jiraan Waraaqo Shirqool oo ay Waddo Xukuumadda Kenyatta"

Raila Odinga "Dadwaynaha Xeebtu Ha Iska Jiraan Waraaqo Shirqool oo ay Waddo Xukuumadda Kenyatta"

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Somali Women Abused in AU Camps Suffer in SILENCE

By Khadar Hanan Tuesday, September 23, 2014 Somalia had perfectly conformed into a sinister road map drawn by some exogenous powers using her frontline neighbors with other African countries as their mere Trojan-horse to accomplish their consciously architected plots against the Somali people and they really succeeded it. The thousands of AMISOM troops deployed to Somalia under the name of “UN backed African Union peace-keeping mission” have like Black-water agendas to execute, arrest, intimidate, rape and steal as much wealth as they can. Their hidden agenda is to disintegrate further the Somali people state and social wise, turn against each other among themselves, compartmentalize and later on balkanize the entire country into small puppet territories, so that dictate to every small part in the way fits in their both common and individual interests . Their mission is apparently too dire savagery in disguise and far beyond humanitarian mission. The endless whole sale and retail topsy-turvydom in Somalia have caused the people suffer from horrible crimes committed by their collective savages viz; government soldiers, African troops and Terrorist out fits. The Human Rights Watch (HRW) report released in Nairobi recently on how the so-called African Peace Keeping Mission abuses with impunity the very venerable women who enter their military-facilities for seeking medical help or fetch drinking water __ hurts a lot not only every compatriot, but the very essence of human consciousness. Crimes being committed by such armed strangers within the existence of all weak yet corruption ridden institutions that forms the Somali government headed by President Hassan Sheikh. If African Union enjoys the power loop wholes of its host nation and feel it like a congenial atmosphere to work in; history would never exonerate them and the lost accountability would one day be materialized in the face of justice. Furthermore, it would be a shameful amulet that would keep hanging from the neck of President Hassan Sheikh and his government officials; it would as well remain a social disgrace amongst the entire nation whose actions bread the seeds that germinate the endless vicious-cycle in the country. The African Mission’s carnivorous troop actions manifest the vacuum of neither strong military code of conduct from within nor external regulations imposed by the Somali government. The chain of invasions orchestrated by exorbitant powers of similar types on Somalia since the genesis of her implosion in 1991__ had been committing almost the same fashion of abuses amongst the Somali people. All the different crimes so committed differently by Somali different invaders since then remain not apprehended and the incurable deep wounds so reached the Somali impoverished people still bleeds from inside. This is because, apart from feared social stigma reprisals; the Somali strong yet conservative culture have instigated into the hearts of thousands of raped women to omit their ordeals; forced them accept to live with the physical and psychological scars reached by the heinous abuses against them. Thousands of tortured innocent civilians accepted to live with their pain without fear; yet thousands of war disabled, orphanages and widows had accepted the reality to live with such conditions never pleases a living soul to bear. The HRW group have mentioned in their report that very young girls below the age of 15 are among the victims of this inhuman crimes. Some of the victims have even contracted with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) from their abusers. The heart agonized feeling is on how these internally displaced people (IDP) especially women had become a defenseless prey for such foreign cannibals within their very unfortunate homelands. Burundian and Ugandan solders are said to have been the culprits of all the abuses so far recorded, however, the military basis of the other forces on the similar mission__ viz. Kenyan, Djiboutian and Sierra Leon was difficult to be penetrated, but believed to have had the same abuses done in their premises as well (the report adds). All these systematic crimes against the priceless Somali women were neither a Stockholm syndrome nor a choice less sale of their bodies per se, but a deliberate force to degrade further the already depleted pride of the Somali people at large and in particular our women. The other nerve-racking issue is that, all the ugly-missions’ soldiers enjoy with the blessings of the exclusive jurisdictions by their root-countries and no strictly monitored external disciplinary guidelines were ever placed in the best interest of the protection of any potential wrong doings against the Somali people. Where things have gone wrong? It is certain phenomena that once foreign troops are dispatched to a foreign country with either politically motivated or humanitarian mission, they virtually commit to crimes against humanity. Just glance back at what NATO, UN and US missions have done with the people in Iraq, Afghanistan, Haiti, and many other countries out of their jurisdictions. Most crimes committed by combined forces of NATO and US are by drone bombardments on the civilian cities targeting individuals whom they have concerns in their so-called war on terror. To see troops with a clean sheet would be very unlikely if not impossible because it is perhaps a psycho driven action and counter reaction in the absence of noble self-restraint. UN, NATO and US led troops, however, have their own combat-code-of-conducts in place with respect of their soldiers’ extra judicial crimes. It’s hard to be digested fact that the AMISOM mission in Somalia lacks any common curbs on their loathsome behavior with their absolutely unprotected people. A thoroughly investigation of these crimes are wisely acceptable to be undertaken as being hinted by the AU officers, but again those who are responsible to check and monitor the genuine process are the officers of the same mission. This is like a thief entrusted to judge a theft-case in which he was involved. Would he judge justly? The answer is for you all. Government merry-go-round Power hunger, bureaucratism, tribalism, opportunism and corruption etc. are the only commodities that are traded well within the government in Mogadishu. The bureaucratic MPs who represent the needy people are made like voting machines in the influence of the biggest power-monger that thirsts to tap the power steering to drive the nation. Notwithstanding, cabinet ministers are transformed in to external stooges implementing commands given by the said extraneous powers. Imagine, why every new prime minister appointed and the incumbent president often have immediate loggerheads that would prompt untimely legislative meetings to redress the portfolio they have already ratified. Why such misunderstanding often arises between two intimate friends who came forward together to serve their ruined nation? Why? Why? Stray government soldiers feel no sympathy for their people either, owing to the fact that many of them are challenging with a trauma inflicted by the long-standing hostilities of every scale. Many more of them are trained by the abusers in their countries and programmed with the same versions of abominate ideologies; where as many others have slipped into the whim of the extremism by giving them an audacious help to act against the nation and the government. Politicians often believe that the ends would justify the means; all campaign rhetoric often fades away soon as they fit their self into the seats. But their words would never deplete from the hearts of the cheated nation. Surely, all the abuses against our brethren are happening in the absence of strong and just governance. Still Somalis are people in search for the right leaders and a country in search for the right people”. May ALLAAH SWT guide the Somali people to the righteous bath and the wisdom to know the stake they have in their future. Khadar Hanan E-mail: Doha, Qatar.

I am a Somali woman

I am the sister of the martyr. I am the aunt of the potato seller at the local market. I am the daughter of the local sheikh. I am the injured of the revolution, the protester, the jailed, the detained. I am the tortured, the exiled, the kidnapped, the raped. I am the veiled, the non-veiled, I am a beautiful soul. I am a Somali woman. My skin is of ebony and ivory, I am young by spirit, old by experience. I am the pregnant, the wife, the single mother, the widow, the godobtiir and godobreeb tool forcing me into marriage as the compensation payment for another clan’s peace settlement. I am a Somali woman. Yet I am not a victim, I am a leader. Not a woman leader, but a leader who happens to be a woman. I clean up the streets of my nation, I rise up the past, the present and the future generations. I brought the Nobel Peace Price to Somalia. I am a Somali woman. I speak out for my son at school. I speak up for my daughter in the madrasa. I pray for my ancestors and for my older son in jail, for my mother in the hospital. I speak out for our artists whom they keep bombing in theaters and on the streets. I am a Somali woman. I speak out for my mind, I am the pulse of the people. I live in the city, in the town, in the rural areas, in the suburb, in the mountains, on the borders. I am in Garowe, Mogadihsu, Afgoye, Hargeisa, Galkayo, Bosaaso, Beletweyne, Badhan, Bocame and every corner where there is life and sound I am a Somali woman. I boost the economy, I advance the technology, I give life to the community. Do I deserve to be equal to you? YES I do because I am a woman. A Somali woman.

Politics will save Somalia

by Nicholas Kay, Thursday, September 25, 2014   Sitting in Mogadishu, it’s easy to think the world needs to learn from Somalia. As human suffering escalates in Ukraine, Syria, Iraq, Gaza, Libya, South Sudan and the Central African Republic, Somalia looks increasingly stable and hopeful. Is that just a mirage? Or are there genuine grounds for optimism and even lessons to be drawn? My answer is an emphatic “yes”. Perhaps, as some say, I’m a professional – almost incurable - optimist. But I am not alone. In New York this week, the UN Secretary-General will convene leaders from a growing band of countries, whose collective efforts over the last years mean that today millions of Somalis can dare to dream that more than two decades of hopeless conflict are over. Who is saving Somalia? First and foremost Somalis themselves are writing this new chapter in their nation’s troubled history. Their solution is political - and very Somali in nature, combining modernity and tradition. But the international community – in its broadest sense – also has a significant role in the emerging success. African Union forces continue to expand security and government authority across Somalia. In joint operations with Somali forces, AMISOM is depriving the militant group, Al Shabaab, of key towns. It is now possible to see a day when the terrorists will be reduced to a beleaguered group of insurgents, running out of hiding places and increasingly riven with internal disputes. But we should not be under any illusions. Terrorism will not disappear overnight. Nor will military action – however brave and professional – ever deliver a lasting peace. Peace and security in Somalia will depend ultimately on political solutions. Somalis are rising to that challenge and undertaking a breath-taking feat of political engineering. They have determined that stability depends not on turning the clock back to the Somalia that existed before the state collapsed in 1991, but rather on building an entirely new political construct: a federal, not unitary, state with democratic, not autocratic, governance. Why federal? The political reality in Somalia today is that power – political, military and economic – has dispersed around the regions. A formalised agreement on sharing and devolving that power is the only practicable way forward. Somalia needs a new politics Federalism is not an abstract concept. It is about bringing government closer to the people. Most Somalis have not known a government that provides services and rule of law for more than twenty years. For most, Mogadishu is a remote and even alien place. It has provided nothing to them, is not accountable to them and they feel they have no stake in its future. Creating Federal States with their own governments is not an automatic panacea. There are risks: reaching inclusive political settlements with all the clans and interest groups in a particular area is a long and bumpy road. Competition for power and resources is fierce. Nor is it a zero sum game: the Federal Government must be helped to build its capacity and take charge of its national responsibilities. As the new federal map of Somalia emerges, with proto-federal member states taking shape in south, south-west and central Somalia, the intensity and complexity of political negotiation is impressive. But trust between actors is very low. After so many years of state failure, the clan has become a dominant feature of people’s political and security universe. The voice of traditional elders rightly carries great weight. They are able to help people understand that settlements must benefit everyone and that winners cannot and should not “take all”. In this exciting political landscape, what is the role of the UN and other international partners? Essentially we are doing two things: giving direct support to the Somali-led political process and working collectively to create the conditions for successful elections in 2016. The United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) and the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) provide the glue and a lot of the muscle for the international effort on the ground. Forming a federal Somalia, finalising the Constitution, approving it in a referendum and then having national elections in 2016 will not happen unless security continues to improve, women play a bigger role, institutions grow, the rule of law and respect for human rights take hold, and people’s daily lives and economic prospects revive. On all fronts there are enormous challenges, but also noteworthy progress. From afar, Somalia often seems frightening – a dangerous no-go area for internationals. But that reality is fast changing. People are often surprised to hear that every day the UN has about 1,300 staff working across Somalia, of whom at least 200 are international staff working in Mogadishu. We are here to help and here to stay for as long as we are needed. And we are not alone: among others the European Union, Inter-Governmental Authority on Development, League of Arab States, Organisation of Islamic Conference, UK, China, Turkey, UAE, US, and Ethiopia are more and more present on the ground. 2016 is just around the corner The Federal Government of Somalia and its President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud are determined to hold elections in a truly federal Somalia in 2016. Their vision is compelling. As the United Nations we shall do our utmost to help. But ultimately the key to success lies in Somali hands and, increasingly, in the hands of members of parliament. As they resume work in September, they have key legislation to pass to enable the country to move forward and enjoy a more stable future. Without the laws to establish the National Independent Election Commission and the Boundaries and Federation Commission, there will be no federalism, referendum or election. This is a time for immense discipline and national unity. Somalis and their international partners have high expectations. This was a clear message given by members of the UN Security Council when they made their historic visit to Mogadishu in August. The message should not fall on deaf ears. Somalis will only enjoy peace when it comes from a political solution. Somalia’s politicians must now be its peace-builders.

Isbedelka xadaraada iyo Xuquuqda Dumarka..

W/Q Naciima Cabdi Galiixe Qaybtii 7aad       Taxanaheenii aan kaga warami jiray is bar-bardhiga Dumarka Islaamka ah iyo kuwa reer galbeedka ah manta waxaynu ku so qaadan doona Gabadh Waayo Arag Ah Iyo Waano Muhiim Ah oo ay Haweenka Islamka ah uso jedisay. Wargeyska AL-Mujtama cadadkiisii 1890, soona baxay 20/2/2010, ayaa qoray dhambaal ay gabadh suxufiyada oo caan ah lana yidhaa Jawana una dhalatay Dalka Maraykani ay ku amaanayso Dumarka muslimiinta ah noloshooda. Qoraalka waxa kale oo lagu daabacay mareego badan oo ay ka mid tahay Website-ka “Women and islam/thread”. Waa weedho ka soo burqanaya, gabadh waayo arag ah oo ku soo gubatay dhimbiilaha xadaarada iyo ilbaxnimada reer galbeedka oo ay si gaar ah ugu hoos dulman yihiin dumarku. Iyagoo wakhtigan haweenka galabeedku si weyn u dareemaya in wixii loo sheegay ahaayeen dhalanteed sidaas awgeed waxaa beryahan aad u so faro badanaya dumarka u soo arooraya webiga islaamka si ay uga raystaan oonka iyo haraadka caqiida xumadaa, Waxa kale oo dhib ku haya adddoonsiga afkaarta caalwaaga ah ee muddaba ay u dabranaayeen ee hagayaan kuwa xaasaskooda, Hooyooyinkood iyo walaalhood dhibta ku haya, haddana indhaha ka lalinaya guryahooda. Suxufiyaddani waxay hadalkeeda ku bilowday: ”Walaalahayga muslimaadka ahaw waxaan arkayaa tiiyoo mid kasta oo idinka mid ahi ay xanbaarsan tahay ilmo amase ay hareeraheeda joogaan carruuri. Inkastoo hablaha muslinka ah uu ku soo jiidanayo dharka xushmada leh ee ay xidhan yihiin haddana waxaa taas ka sii daran quruxdooda ka soo widh-widhaysa labiskooda waxa dhaafsan ee gudaha ah, anigu ma dareemayo keliya quruxda hablahaas dushooda ka soo baxaysa balse waxaan kale oo aan hoosta ka dareemayaa wax qariiba, waxa weeyaan waxa aan dareemayaa xasad marka aan eego xaaladdiina aad ku jirtaan. Haddana wax kale oo ii bannaani ma jiraan oo aan ahayn in aan la dhaco oo aan idiin hanneeyo awooddiinna, quruxdiina, xushmaddiina, Iyo karamadiina, Waxa intaasi kaba sii daran badhaadhaha aad ku nooshihiin. Arrinkiino u muuqdo wax la yaab badan, badhaadhihii ayaa dushiina ka soo baxay oo wejiyadiinana ka muuqda maxaa yeelay waxaad ku nooshihiin noloshii dabiiciga ahayd ee loogu talo galay in qofka dumari ay ku noolaato taas oo ahayd sidii ay dumarkii inaga horreeyayba u noolaayeen ilaa iyo laga soo bilaabo xilligii ay noloshuba bilaabantay. Annaguba sidaas ayaan ku noolayn ilaa laga soo gaadhayay lixdameedyadii, markaas oo cadawgu nagu qar-qiyay rasaastiisa, ma ahayn rasaasta dhabta ah balse waxay nala dhaceen rasaasta khiyaamada iyo fasahaadka ahklaaqda ah. Holywood ayaa roobka nagaga dhigtay rasaas iyada oo noo adeegsanaysa khiyaamooyinka indho sarcaadka ku dhisan haddaanu nahay hablaha Maraykanka, sidaas oo kale ayay idinkana idinla rabaan haddaad tihiin hablaha muslimka ah. Markaas ayaanad noqon doontaan qaar aad uga murugoda halkaad ku dhacdeen oo aad dareemi doontaan xaqiraad iyo hoosayn, laakiinse waad ka bad-baadi doontaan jabkaa laydiin maleegayo waase goorma? Waa haddii aad dhegaysataan taladayadan idiinka imanaysa annaga oo ah kuwo la dhibaataysan hortiina dhaawacyada naga soo gaadhay taabashadooda iyo raadayntooda shaydaaniga ah ee naxariistu ka fogtahay, waxaan idiin sheegayaa wax kasta oo idinkaga imanaya dhinaca Holywoodku waa beeno, waa xaqiiqadii oo lagu majara habaabinayo qiiq. Haddaanu nahay haweenka waxa ugu wanaagsan ee aan qabanaa waa rabbaynta carruurteenna, inaan raaxo iyo karti u samayno rageenna aan jecelnahay, laakiinse haddii aanu nahay dumarka Maraykanka annaga waa nala khiyaameeyay ka dib markii nalaga dhaadhiciyay in aan noqon doonno qaar intan ka badhaadho iyo nicmo badan haddii aanu shaqaale noqono markaasna aanu hantino guryo noo gaara oo aan keligayo ku noolaano, oo aan abuurno jacaylka cidda aanu doono. Waxaan idiinka digayaa in aad nagu eegtaan il hoose iyo xaqiraad oo aad na yastaan amaba aad ku fekertaan in aanu nahay qaar sidan iyagu raali ka ah oo jecel. maaha arrinku sidaa waxaa jirtay in markii aanu soo koraynay aanaan helin aabayaal na gacan qabta oo na haga, maxaa yeelay halkan waxa la bur-buriyay wixii loo yaqaanay qoyska,waxaanan filayaa in aad idinkuba garanaysaan cidda shirqoolkaa ka damabaysay Haddaba haysta oo xejista wanaagiina sharaftiinaas, iyo akhlaaqiyaadkiina waxaan idiin rajaynayaa in aad u aqbali doontaan nasteexadan sidaan ula jeeday, wax kale nasteexadan idiinkumaan soo dirin balse waa waano ku timi saaxiibtinimo, ixtiraam iyo u bogid aan u bogay noloshiina wanaagsan, Waa walaashiina Masiixiga ah ee idin jecel, nasiib wanaag iyada oo jawana muslintay wakhti yar ka dib Jawaana Faransiis Waxa lagu hal-maalaa, Hooyo ababintaadee Hayin lagu badhaadhaay, Hogol lagu qaboobaay Gogol lama huraaneey, Dugsigii hufnaantaay Hidda lagu arooraay. (Hadraawi) La soco qaybaha kale….. Naciima Cabdi Galiixe Kuliyada Barashada Siyaasada Iyo Xidhiidhka Caalamiga Ah Ee Jamacada New Generation University Email: ALLAA MAHAD LEH

Somali radio closure: Shabelle manager 'in hiding'

The manager of the independent Shabelle radio station in the Somali capital has told the BBC he is in hiding after the authorities took it off air. Mohamed Musa said soldiers stormed the radio's office on Friday, arresting about 20 people, three of whom are still in custody without being charged. When the station started broadcasting again on Tuesday, the office was raided again and all equipment removed. Mr Musa denied accusations that the station was spreading hate messages. The UN-backed government issued a statement saying that the station had been unprofessional by spreading disharmony amongst Mogadishu's clans. 'Very scary' There has been tension in the capital following the government's recent disarmament programme, which has seen the militias of clan leaders disarmed. Mr Musa said Shabelle had not broadcast either for or against the disarmament. "We are not on the side of government, we are not on the side of opposition, we only tell the people the truth," he told the BBC's Focus on Africa radio programme. The BBC's Mohammed Moalimu in Mogadishu says media organisations have condemned the arrests and been shocked at the heavy handed approach of the government. There have been calls for the detainees to be charged in accordance with the constitution, which only allows for 24 hours detention without charge. Mr Musa admitted Shabelle had a fractious relationship with the government, which evicted it from a state-owned building last year. He said he believed there was a warrant out for his arrest and he was concerned for the safety of his colleagues who remained in detention, fearing they were being maltreated. "I'm in hiding in Mogadishu.... I keep moving, it's really very scary." Clan-based warlords, rival politicians and Islamist militants have battled for control of Somalia since the fall of long-serving ruler Siad Barre in 1991. Under a UN-backed plan, a new government was formed in 2012 which is trying to win back territory occupied by the al-Qaeda-affiliated al-Shabab insurgents, and bring back a measure of stability to the country with the help of an African Union force.

Maqaal : Ugly Clan Federalism Sparks Fresh Turmoil

by Abdul-Aziz Mohammed Saturday, August 16, 2014 From the onset, no 2 Somali clans or sub clans had gone to war so far over the ongoing federalism system in Somalia. In fact, more and more Somalia regions are joining the Federalism scheme. People in their regions, as Al-Shabaab’s totalitarianism is removed, appear to be eager to come and decide together their own regional fate without severing a national link under federalism! Mohamud M Uluso’s latest article, ‘Ugly Clan Federalism Sparks Fresh Turmoil,” is way off the mark on both the current situation on the ground in Somalia and historical governance character of the Somali people. Uluso: The formation of federal Member States (FMS) without legal and political consensus sparks fresh political and social turmoil in all regions of Somalia. It is unequivocally clear that the federal system based on clan ownership of territory has become major obstacle to national reconciliation, peacebuilding, and state building in Somalia. It polluted the notion of state, citizenship, and Islamic values and intensified clan rivalry and vanity within the Somali society everywhere. To suggest the ongoing Somalia Federalism, all be it clan based, “polluted” a supposedly existent notion of state in Somali society is laughable. The undeniable truth is that a concept of “state or nation” is yet to be in Maryooleey minds. Citizenship? What citizenship, other than clan citizenship? Also, while we Somalis are generally firm in our belief in Islam, Islam also for the vast majority had been secondary to the undisputed force or current which permeates in Somali society, which is the clan system. The three highlighted sentences above by Uluso, with which he had begun his article , exposes his elitism and how a lot of learned Somalis like him have become susceptible to Western mentality, which renders them grossly out of touch with their own society. Mr. Uluso, we are Somalis and we are to date based on clans single handedly. Hardly nothing else separates one Somali from another. What else should we base our federalism on? Remember, the goal is to replace the clan identity and territory with regional and national citizenry! If at first I thought Uluso was after the [process] by which the formation of Federal Member States (FMS) the federal government in Mogadishu has not gone about, which should have been through legislation and by political consensus, the second sentence though smashed the [principle] of Somalia federalism based on clans. Pejoratively, he even calls it “Clan Federalism.” It reminds me of “Obama Care, “a term coined by the detractors of the Affordable Care Act legislation. By the way, for your information, Somali clans own land in regions indirectly. While there is no clan corporation, which trades in real state, its individual members—owners of land and property in specific areas—collectively dominate areas. Thus the claim and recognition of clan ownership of prairies, regions and towns. Federalism, if anything, is the only hope for the Somalis to once and for all exorcise their clan system demon, which has been and still is—since we declared the state of Somalia— a “nationhood killer.” It already almost destroyed Somalia. That said, it should be understood that the clan system in its intended environment and circumstance served the Somalis well—that is when they were nomadic people moving about in search of green pastures and water for their livestock. Our ancestral clan system deserves our utmost respect. We should put it in the right prospective as regrettably (although the best system for us at one point in our lives) a poison to our very existence since 1961! This is the 21st century, where globalization is happening, for Somali sakes! As an old relic, we should put it in a nice museum with kid gloves! But, the question is how do we Somalis replace the clan system? There is one thing I am certain of, that without the full participation of clans in their habitats or regions in both regional and national decision making, Somalis will always cling to the clan identity and system. To change a system, there must be a different system with different rules to overtake and render the old system obsolete. For that to happen, clan members, including its Sultan, Garraad, Ugaas or Malaaq must participate. Bringing different clan elders to agree on a regional administration, even on a name for a region is part of this new exercise which will steer these people into the clear from the deep rooted forest of clan system. Before this current federalism, Somali elders of different clans and subclans only came together on usual clan consequences of war and other grievances. The rest of the time, life went on, and Somali clans were like ships passing each other in dead night. Today, they are volunteering to come together on standing up an administration in their respective regions—that is an undeniable progress away from the old clan system. We should see that for what it is. Uluso, remember that Somalia as a country cannot even handle the security of its capital at this point. We depend on the generosity of our African brothers and baby sister Djibouti. The fact that different Somali clans are coming together on their own and agreeing on the type and outfit of respective administrations actually restores my faith in my peoples’ human spirit! They are taking the initiative. Things or rules can be adjusted later. President Hassan Sheikh is correct on that. I hope some of these newly formed regions will even further surprise the world in going to the polls before 2016 elections! Why not? Also, you must not be serious when you, Uluso, insinuated in your article that the rivalry between Somaliland and Puntland as one based on clan-based federalism. Rather, It is a unionist/separatist land jurisdiction based on colonial era borders and on a potentially oil rich area. You can throw that out of the window as yet another one of the supporting evidence by Uluso for clans at war because of clan federalism. Uluso continues: Nepotism, injustice, economic and financial mismanagement, rampant corruption, and abuse of political power, have caused the total collapse of the Somali State. Yes, we Somalis did that with the clan system, which rejected an exclusionary one party, central system based in Mogadishu. Federalism, on the other hand, puts the onus on clans both for self-administration locally and full and fair participation in national governance. What better way to supplant the clan system, which is a respective individual, private subclan polity, than to force multiple clans or subclans of clans into a new system whereby they must work together in fairly sharing both responsibilities and rewards. That exercise changes the old traditional dynamics of polity from individual clans into group clans with one agreed name, be it Puntland, Somaliland, Jubaland or Southwest Sate, whatever! Even language and terms will slowly and surely change from clan perception to one of regional and then to national. Uluso: “No Somali citizen wants and deserves to be considered a minority in any part of Somalia.” That sounds very noble, but far from the truth and reality of human existence, including us Somalis. After all, we even have a Somali term for it “laan gaab!” (small-branched) or a stub, compare that to the term for majority in Somali “laan dheere,” (long-branched). Being a minority is not an insult, if you are a minority. The insult and injustice are when the majority discriminates against a minority because of that. That is the “strong preying on the weak.” Strong and multi-layered local, state and federal anti-discrimination laws will be needed. For the clans to transition into the citizenry which Uluso inspires to, this must be done in honest baby steps pointing away from the individual clan institution into a regional identity. There will be a misreading of federalism by some into a carte blanche for their majority clan to dominate and subjugate others. In time, the federal government should be able and willing to intervene and remedy that promptly! By the same token, there could be some competitions between regions on whose region is fairer and more inclusive a community! In conclusion, the problem of Somalis continues to be one of being frozen in the clan institution by default. There is no special love for the clan system by Somalis, I would strongly argue. The clan institution remains only because until now Somalis had not come up with a viable system to practically overthrow and replace the clan system. Personally, in time, I believe federalism will bulldoze the clan system! History tells that Somalis are capable and willing to change. When, for the first time, Allah’s word was brought to the Somalis, they trashed Waaq (as in Caabud Waaq) and his or its religion in favor of Allah and his Islam. We Somalis, I believe, are natural in embracing change—so long as the real McCoy (as the white man says) which will add to our prosperity and betterment is given to us. It would seem that our great ancestors were very capable to define the societal rules and regulations in the most resourceful system for their times. First, they organized themselves by clans and its subclans; and then they invented and designed the clan rules or laws Xeer. Our immediate forefathers and mothers, however, had not a clue on how to adapt to their new reality of 1960 nationhood. The first 9 years from independence, we parroted Western Democracy, but it was the clan we believed in. The military regime, from 69-91, had done a lot to highlight Somali culture and language, but it was a personality based system—which invoked in other personalities, using the tried and tested clan system and neighbors, to overthrow it in the end. The clan system won again! Then, the disaster of all disasters we Somalis created for ourselves—anarchy in civil war for the last 23 years, from which we are still recovering. The clan system, misapplied to modern statehood, trashes the state every time! I challenge Mr. Uluso, now that he identified the problem as he presented in his article, to spell out to all of us in his next article whether he believes in federalism or not; what form of federalism and what it should be based on, if not on clans? If not federalism at all, then what other system? Also, please elaborate what you meant by “without legal and political consensus”? Give us the load, frame by frame, on how you would have gone about making everything perfect before federalism was opened for business. Abdul-Aziz Mohammed

Raila Odinga | "Dadwaynaha Xeebtu Ha Iska Jiraan Waraaqo Shirqool oo ay Waddo Xukuumadda Kenyatta"

Raila Odinga "Dadwaynaha Xeebtu Ha Iska Jiraan Waraaqo Shirqool oo ay Waddo Xukuumadda Kenyatta"
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